SCIENCE CONTENT/MATERIALS UNDER AUSTERE FINANCIAL CONDITIONS: IMPROVISATION OF MATERIALS AND COST REDUCTION by I. T. ESHIET and N.E. U. INYANG
One of the most often cited problems of science teaching in schools has been the lack of adequate science teaching materials. This arises as a result of inability of schools to meet the cost of these materials. Recently many science educators have suggested the use of substitute materials for science teaching so that the cost of running school science programmes could be reduced. This paper summarizes a number of suggestions which have been made for the improvisation of materials for science teaching.
The literature cited includes suggested items which could be collected from the environment or constructed using locally available materials. In addition this paper describes the construction and use of some of such materials. A school or -teacher wishing to adopt the materials could arrange for a mass production in consultation with the local artisans. This could help to reduce the amount of items to be imported and hence the cost of science teaching.
Eshiet, I. T. and Inyang, N. E. U. (1984): Science Content/Material under Austers Financial Condition: Improvisation of Materials and Cost Reduction”. STAN 25th Annual Conference Proceedings, pp. 49-53. Ketu-Lagos: Gilbert, Grace & Gabriel Associates.
Prof. Nsedu Inyang
Professor N.E.U. Inyang has always been a teacher. He started as an Assistant Science Master at Duke Town Secondary School, Calabar. From 1976 till date he has taught in various institutions. He was appointed Acting Head, Department of Science Education in Uniuyo from 1994-1998 and promoted Associate and full Professor of Science Education in 1999 and 2002 respectively. He has taught undergraduate courses in Science Education, supervised undergraduate projects and jointly supervised Masters and Ph.D dissertations and theses both in University of Uyo and during his sabbatical leave to Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Prof. Nsedu Inyang served in various capacities in the Science Teachers‘ Association of Nigeria (STAN) at both State and National levels. It was during his tenure as Chairman of Akwa Ibom State branch of STAN, He that Akwa Ibom State Branch was adjudged the best branch of the year for an outstanding membership among other achievements. Prof. Inyang served the Akwa Ibom State Government as a resource person at various workshops for primary and secondary school science and mathematics teachers.
Prof. Nsedu Inyang has been engaged in a number of Editorial services. He jointly published Integrated Science Workshop proceedings on the Integrated Science Curriculum in the 3 3 system Secondary Education in 1981. He jointly edited a book of readings on science and society 1997. He is editorial adviser of the integrated Science Education series of Integrated Science Panel of STAN and an author of the Basic Science of the University Press Plc, Ibadan, Nigeria.
To date, Prof. Nsedu Inyang has 45 publications to his credit made up of 22 journal articles and 23 book chapters, many of which can be accessed on this knowledgebase. He attended and presented several the keynote addresses and lead papers at conferences, some of which includes Teacher’s Day in 2009 at the Akwa Ibom State rally of NUT and a motivational talk at the Mobil/NNPC/Akwa Ibom State Science quiz, facilitated by the Akwa Ibom State Branch of STAN etc.
Prof. Nsedu Inyang has played a number of leadership roles in his christian life. He is happily married and is blessed with successful children.
His personal knowledgebase and website can be accessed via www.nseduinyang.com.ng
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