Political Theory: Foundation of Social Organization and Government (2nd Edition)

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Introduction
The Development
Greek Political Philosophy
Statement of the Problem
Objective of the Book
Significance
Methodology
Organization
Commentaries

CHAPTER 2: ANCIENT-CLASSICAL POLITICAL THEORIES
The City States
Politics of Athens
Greek Civilization: Factors of Growth
Laboratory of Political Science: Inventions
Political Personalities and Theories: Pericles, Socrates, Plato , Aristotle
Demise of the City-States
The Protest Philosophers in Greece Epicureans,
Cynics, Stoics
Commentaries

CHAPTER 6: FORMS OF POWER ORGANIZATION
Feudalism and Its structure
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Commentaries

CHAPTER 7: MARSILIO DAPADOVA
Political Theory
Commentaries

CHAPTER 8: THOMAS HOBBES (1588 – 1679)
Personality
Methods of Hobbes
Commentaries

CHAPTER 9: JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704)
Personality
Ideas of Government
Political Economy
Commentaries

CHAPTER 10: NICCOLO BERNADO MACHIAVELLI (1469 – 1527)
Age of Renaissance
Italian Sociology
Political Philosophy
Safeguard of Democracy
Separation of Powers
Commentanes

CHAPTER 11: JEAN JACQUE ROUSSEAU (1712 -1778)
Social contract
Volonte Generale (General Will)
Theory ofPr1vate Property
Commentaries

CHAPTER 12: GEORGE W. F. HEGEL (1770 – 1853)
Hegel and the State
Philosophy of History
Commentaries

CHAPTER 13: BARON DE MONTESQUIEU (1689 – 1755)
Profile
Experiences in France
Social Classes in France
Political Theory
Commentaries

CHAPTER 14: KARL HENRICH MARX (1818-1883)
Early Life
The Theory of underlying Marx
Historical Materialism
The State in Marxism
Commentaries

CHAPTER 15: CAPITALISM
Capitalism
Characteristics free Market Society
Salient Values of the Market Society
Social Classes
Commentaries

CHAPTER 16: POLITICAL THEORY OF THE THIRD WO
Cradle: Third World Political Philosophers
Thesis of Dependency Theory
Intemal Obstacle Theory
Ujamaa-African Socialism
African Socialism
The Arusha Declaration
Criticisms

CHAPTER 17: ISSUES IN POLITICAL
17.1-11 Natural Law
Organization of the Senate
State of Nature
Social Contract
The Concept of Justice
The Theory of Natural equality
The Nation-State
Commentaries

CHAPTER 18: RENAISSANCE REFORMATION
Profile of Martin Luther
Reformation Theory
Certificate of Pardon
Cradle of the Reformation Revolution
Luther ’s Trial
Luther’s Defence
Festival of the Saints
Significance of Reformation

CHAPTER 19: OUTCOMES AND IMPACT
John Locke and the American Revolution
Lucius Seneca
– Discusses the empirical Institutions and organizations of Governance arising from
the various theories and philosophies analyzed.

CHAPTER 20: JEREMY BENTHAM AND J .S. MILL
Jeremy Bentham and Mill
Utilitarianism
Importance of Utilitarianism
Liberty and the Legislators

CHAPTER 21: THEORY OF PREBENDALISM PATRIMONIALISM
Origin
Conception of Prebendalism and Patrimonialism
Prebendalism and Patrimonialism: Westem Societies
The Theory: Stage of Political Development
Nigeria: Outcomes of Prebendalism and Patrimonialsm

CHAPTER 22: REVOLUTION AND SOCIETY: THEORETICAL LINKAGES
Post-Colonial State
Frustration
Commentaries

CHAPTER 23: THOMAS MOORE’S: UTOPIA

CHAPTER 24: EDMUND BURKE
References
Index

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Description

FOREWORD
For a long time, African students and academics have largely confronted political theory and social organizations from the optic nerve of European Scholars. It is this obvious vacuum that the author of this book attempts to fill. The book represents a modest and ambitious attempt by an African author to demystify political theory using both theoretical and empirical insights. Having taught the subject for several years, the author bring his wealth of experience to bear on this work.

In elucidating on the broad stream of political theory, the author presents in simple, concise and understandable knowledge the salient features of ancient and contemporary political theory. The writings of Marcus Tullius Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, George Hegel, Karl Marx and a host of others are extensively treated in the various chapters of the book with cognizance to the relevance of their thoughts to our contemporary world. The ideology of capitalism and the dependency polemic were also articulated in the work.

The pre-occupation of the work is to grant to its readers access to conceptual and theoretical issues in political theory and to answer some of the most common questions asked by students and academics and provide theoretical insights to them. It might not have covered the entire world of political theory, for in reality, no work can ever do so, but it has set a precedent upon which subsequent works can build.

lt is my hope that the readers of the book will find it both interesting and educating and thus help them better understand the crux of political theory and social organizations as presented from an African’s perspective

Dr. M. E. Bassey
Ag. Head
Dept. of.Political Science and Public Administration.
University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa lbom State.

PREFACE
The book, ‘Political Theory: Foundation of Social Organization and Government’ was conceived to bring the essence of appreciating ‘Political theory‘ to the students and all social scientists alike. This is because, more often than not, students tend to see the course and subject as abstract and difficult.

Political Theory is to social sciences, Government and its institutions, what concrete foundations are to buildings. The reason why the superstructure (Governments) generates very many wrong results, is simply because it operates in violation of the dictum ‘salus populi suprema lex, (let the welfare of the people be the supreme law) as we were enjoined by Marcus Tullius Cicero, in the era of the Roman Jurists.

It is instructive to note that when the values, norms and processes of organizations and institutions as espoused by the political thinkers are upheld, the society progresses and we describe it as a ‘develop state’ and vice versa. It is the position of this book that the first step to political development is the understanding and abiding by the tenets propagatedtby the political philosophers, with little variation. This complements the thesis of Professor Samuel Huntington on ‘Political Development and Decay‘.

A critical part ofthis text are the eonnnenturies and the chapter on ‘Outcomes and Impact’ of the various political postulations addressed in this book, which is complemented by chapter 18 on the Reformation.

The third world and Africa are not left out in the analysis of the trends of political theory. This is a ventured, which has taken a number of years to put together. Wherever I had taught Political Ideas and Political Thought 1 and 2, I had picked up the need and the desire to script this book.

Welcome to my world of Political Theory: Foundation of Social Organizations and Government..

E. O. Frank
Dept. of Political Science &
Director- Clement Isong Centre for Development Studies
University of Uyo
Akwa Ibom State
Nigeria.

Dr. Etim Frank

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Etim Okon Frank is an articulate scholar of Political Science and Public Administration who has added value to several institutions till he joined University of Uyo in 2008.

His ardent personality has made him a choice candidate for several responsibilities within and outside the University some of which includes Acting-Director Clement Isong Centre for Development Studies, Member, Akwa Ibom Advisory Committee(AIPAC) Niger Delta Dialogue, External Examiner, Department of Public Administration, University of Calabar etc.

He is a member of some high profile professional bodies like Nigerian Institute of Personnel Management, Chartered Institute of Public Diplomacy and Management etc.

His passion for Political and Administrative theories has given birth to several researches published as books, monographs, journal articles, book chapters and conference papers. Majority are open access on his virtual space at www.etimfrank.com.ng.

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