Haematological Changes Following Administration of Alcohol and Caffeine in Albino Wistar Rats

by Eyong, E. U., ikegbulam, N. C. and Eteng, M. U.

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Abstract
The haematological changes following the administration of varying concentrations of alcohol and caffeine for 7days were investigated in six groups of albino Wistar rats. Each group consisted of 8 rats l4 males; 4 females). The parameters assayed include percentage packed cell volume (%PCV), red blood cell (ROC) and white blood cell (WBC) counts and haemoglobin (Hb) concentration of rats. Rats that were administrated 1m1 and 2m/ of 43% alcohol recorded lower % PCV than controls. However, this lower value was ‘only significant (P40.05) In the female rats when compared with their corresponding controls. A similar picture was observed for RBC counts in these animals. All the rats that received the respective treatments recorded haemoglobin concentrations similar to their controls. Male and female rats administered alcohol and caffeine or caffeine alone recorded increases in WBC counts which were only – significant (P00.05) for the male rats. Male and female animals administered alcohol alone recorded WBC counts similar to the controls. The results indicate that alcohol ingestion may precipitate anaemia especially in the female rats.
Keywords: Alcohol, Caffeine, Haematological indices, Albino rats

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Prof Mbeh Eteng

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Mbeh Eteng is a Professor of Biochemistry in the Faculty of University of Calabar. He holds a Ph.D from the University of Calabar (2000). He was Dean of Faculty of Basic Medical Science (2012-2016) and Chairman Committee of Deans (2014-2015). Member Governing Board UCTH, Calabar (2018 -till date). Fellow, Institute of Co-operate Administration. His current area of research is on malaria/prostrate hyperplaxia and medicinal plants research and use in management. He has successfully supervised 25 Ph.Ds.
Get to know more about him and access more of his publications through his personal knowledgebase – http://www.mbeheteng.com.ng

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