Integrating Security Requirements into Architectural Design and Planning for Crime Prevention and Anti-Terrorism in Nigeria by Samuel O. Ebong & Faith Ekong

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ABSTRACT
Crime as a major social issue affects thousands of lives each year and in Nigeria the security of life and property has become a serious national problem. The general effect is the heightened fear and sense of insecurity that is generated in people. Designing the environment and buildings for crime prevention present a great challenge to architects and planners on how to reduce the threats, risks and vulnerabilities. The architect is expected to have not only knowledge of building types but also knowledge of crime trends and the impact of design on crime. The architect must, therefore, provide for comprehensive crime prevention considerations in building designs. The challenge still faced by architects, especially in Nigerian, is how to incorporate, specify and apply relevant crime prevention mechanisms in building designs. Lack of formal training or: crime prevention issues has hindered architects and planners from designing buildings with secure measures. This paper presents a conceptual framework for designs that compliment the growing trend in crime and terrorism and a design process (model) that serves as guide to help in integrating physical security into aesthetic architectural design. It concludes that with the advent of terrorism in Nigeria and the increased sophistication of crime there is need for architects and planners to redefine their professional responsibilities and broaden their professional horizon.

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