Theobromine Rich Cocoa Powder Induces Weight Loss and Changes In Lipid Profile of Obese Wistar Rats

by Eteng, M. U.(1), Ibekwe, H. A.(2), Umoh, U. I.(1), P. E. Ebong(1), Umoh, I. B.(1) and Eyong, E. U.(1)

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Abstract
Obesity (overweight) has remained a public health problem, on account of its attendant complications viz diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. To arrest the significant decrease in life expectancy affiliated upon the older age group by obesity, dietary induced weight loss has been sought. This study assessed the effect of dietary theobromine (theobromine rich cocoa powder diets) on weight changes and lipid profile of Wistar rats. The inclusion of 3% to 15% cocoa powder in the diet corresponding to an estimated 56 ± 15.15 to 265 ± 0.13mg of theobromine intake for 28 days, induced a significant P<0.95) rapid weight loss in the rats exposed to the test diet relative to the controls, the weight loss becoming significant after about a week of exposure. Lipid profile analysis on day 28" showed a significant (P<0.05) decrease in total sertim cholesterol, triglycerides and VLDL. cholesterol but FIDL cholesterol was significantly (P<0.05) elevated in treatments relative to controls. The biochemical role of theobromine in the observed weight loss is discussed in respect to lipid metabolism and dietary control of obesity.
Key words: Theobromine, weight loss, obesity, lipid metabolism

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1 – Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Calabar
2 – Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Lab. & Allied Health Sciences, University of Calabar

Prof Mbeh Eteng

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Mbeh Eteng is a Professor of Biochemistry in the Faculty of University of Calabar. He holds a Ph.D from the University of Calabar (2000). He was Dean of Faculty of Basic Medical Science (2012-2016) and Chairman Committee of Deans (2014-2015). Member Governing Board UCTH, Calabar (2018 -till date). Fellow, Institute of Co-operate Administration. His current area of research is on malaria/prostrate hyperplaxia and medicinal plants research and use in management. He has successfully supervised 25 Ph.Ds.
Get to know more about him and access more of his publications through his personal knowledgebase – http://www.mbeheteng.com.ng

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